diabetes and migraines

The Connection between Diabetes and Migraines

Symptoms, Dietary Considerations and Treatment Options

In this article, we will explore the relationship between diabetes and migraines and discuss various treatment options available, including Nurtec, Cefaly, Ubrevly, Envita, Qulipta, Botox, Semaglutide, an injection used to treat type 2 diabetes and Canagliflozin, a medication for type 2 diabetes that works by helping the kidneys remove excess sugar from the body through urine.

Symptoms of Diabetes and Migraines

Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, resulting from the body's inability to produce or effectively use insulin. Common symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, fatigue and blurred vision. Migraines are severe headaches that often occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances. Some people may experience an aura before the onset of a migraine, which can manifest as visual disturbances, tingling sensations or difficulty speaking.

The Link Between Diabetes and Migraines

Research suggests that individuals with diabetes are more likely to experience migraines compared to those without the condition. The exact mechanisms behind this association are still being studied, but several theories exist. One possible explanation is that diabetes affects blood vessels and nerve endings, leading to changes in the brain's blood flow and triggering migraines. Additionally, shared risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure and hormonal imbalances may contribute to the increased incidence of migraines in people with diabetes.

Dietary Considerations for Diabetes and Migraines

A healthy diet plays a crucial role in managing both diabetes and migraines. For individuals with diabetes, it is essential to focus on controlling blood sugar levels by consuming a balanced diet that includes complex carbohydrates, lean proteins and healthy fats. Foods with a low glycemic index, such as whole grains, legumes and non-starchy vegetables, are preferred as they cause a slower rise in blood sugar levels. Additionally, avoiding sugary and processed foods is recommended.

Certain foods and beverages have been identified as triggers for some individuals in the case of migraines. These may include aged cheeses, chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, artificial sweeteners and foods containing nitrates or monosodium glutamate (MSG). Individuals prone to migraines should keep a food diary to identify and avoid their triggers.

Treatment Options

When it comes to managing diabetes and migraines, various treatment options are available. Recently, several new medications and therapies have emerged to provide relief for those suffering from these conditions.


Nurtec is a prescription medication approved by the FDA for the acute treatment of migraines in adults. It belongs to a class of drugs called calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor (CGRP) antagonists and works by blocking the activity of calcitonin gene-related peptide, a molecule involved in migraine attacks. Nurtec offers the convenience of oral dissolving tablets that quickly relieve migraines and can help individuals resume their daily activities.


Cefaly is an external trigeminal nerve stimulation device approved for the preventive treatment of migraines. It is a small, portable device that is placed on the forehead and delivers precise electrical impulses to stimulate the trigeminal nerve, which is believed to play a role in migraine pathophysiology. Regular use of Cefaly has been shown to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines in some individuals.


Ubrevly is another recently approved medication for the acute treatment of migraines. It is a small molecule CGRP receptor antagonist available in pill form. Ubrevly offers a fast-acting solution for migraine relief and can be an alternative for individuals who prefer not to use injections.


Envita is a comprehensive approach to treating migraines that focuses on identifying and addressing underlying causes. This personalized treatment plan combines a range of therapies, including nutrient supplementation, detoxification, immune system support and lifestyle modifications. The goal of Envita is to optimize overall health and reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.


Qulipta is an FDA-approved medication for the preventative treatment of migraines in adults. It is a CGRP antagonist that is administered orally, and it is used to prevent both episodic and chronic migraines.


Botox, a well-known cosmetic treatment, has also been approved for treating chronic migraines. Botox injections are administered approximately every 12 weeks to specific areas of the head and neck. The neurotoxin in Botox inhibits the release of certain chemicals involved in pain transmission, reducing the frequency and severity of migraines.

Final Notes

Diabetes and migraines are two prevalent health conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. While they may seem unrelated at first glance, there is growing evidence to suggest a connection between the two. Understanding the symptoms, diet and treatment options for both conditions is crucial for managing these health concerns effectively.

Understanding the relationship between diabetes and migraines is essential for effectively managing these health conditions. Recognizing the symptoms, following a healthy diet and exploring various treatment options can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals affected by diabetes and migraines. Medications and therapies offer promising solutions in the management and prevention of migraines. Consultation with healthcare professionals is crucial to receive an accurate diagnosis and to determine the most suitable treatment approach tailored to each individual's needs.